The Old Testament gives us different kinds of writings, such as history, wisdom, and prophecy. Put together, they help us understand who God is, how He relates with people, and how He wants us to treat others.
The word testament means “covenant”—an agreement between two parties. The Old Testament describes the covenant that God made with Abraham and confirmed with Moses. This testament was based on God’s law. It is old because it was written before Jesus came to the earth as a human being. In one way or another, the entire Old Testament points to Jesus. His coming would bring in the new covenant—a covenant based on grace.
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